No scientific conclusion in debate over medical benefits/risks of circumcision

This is not a trivial concern. 258]. Once a man has undergone the procedure, he will benefit from the preventive effect for the rest of his life. In sensitivity analyses we used the lower and upper limits of the 95% confidence interval for circumcision prevalence among all males and specific to race and ethnicity. The 2011 JIAS paper examined the evidence to support VMMC in sub-Saharan Africa and pointed out that only about 10 percent of the region’s HIV cases are among those younger than 15, and that prevalence jumps dramatically in those 15 and older. Our work is consistent with reference-case recommendations of the Panel on Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine for conducting and reporting cost-effectiveness analyses, including the use of a societal perspective [17]. Subtype C is reported to have lower binding avidity than subtype B for CCR5 receptors [22]; it is unclear whether the greater binding avidity of subtype B for CCR5 could represent an escape mechanism to overcome the decreased availability of target cells that results from circumcision.

But it DID reduce a nation of men’s natural sexuality & experience. As a psychologist, he has spent the past 24 years conducting studies, writing two books on the psychological side effects of circumcision, and lecturing around the world. In total, 8883 were men. While they acknowledge that the best interests of the child are a primary consideration, they claim that banning neonatal male circumcision denies religious freedoms to Jewish and Muslim parents, which would be potentially unconstitutional. They don’t completely destroy it though. Information on this topic is vast.

SXD171 In your lifetime, with how many women have you had any kind of sex? population grew to include larger numbers of Mexican-Americans and other ethnic groups that didn’t traditionally circumcise their children. The medical literature also shows that the rate of urinary tract infection (UTI) is 0.2% in circumcised boys compared with 4% in uncircumcised boys in the first year of life. It is rarely understood that this notorious form of FGM is comparatively rare: it occurs in a subset of the practising communities, and makes up about 10 per cent of cases worldwide. As I stated above Muslims and Jews do not circumcise their children for medical health reasons. Outside of religious tradition, the biological justification often cited is that a circumcised penis is easier to clean and reduces the risk of collecting bacteria and viruses under the skin. Some may lead to infertility.

The study indicates circumcised black men experience an even greater benefit with their prostate cancer risk cut by 60 percent. Hispanics have traditionally had the lowest circumcision rates of all ethnic groups in the U.S. HIV-infected patients also do not respond as well to standard antimalaria treatment. In addition to having at least one male sex partner, 14% of participants had at least one female sex partner during the past 12 months. To carry the illustration further, if now any Christian (though he may have been converted from Judaism) were proposing to imitate the apostles in observance of these ceremonies, like one who disturbs the ashes of those who rest, he would be not piously preforming his part in the obsequies [funeral services], but impiously violating the sepulcher . MMC has been promoted, encouraged and regulated by the WHO since 2006. Somehow, none of this context is spelled out in the recommendations.

Both Jewish and Muslim groups often circumcise their boys. The guidelines will be reviewed for more than a month before entering the books, but already, the anti-cutting movement has unleashed a small firestorm online. The impact of circumcision on cervical cancer risk is less clear in the U.S. Three earlier studies conducted in Uganda, Kenya, and South Africa had shown that men who became circumcised reduced their risk of acquiring HIV infection by more than half. This study attempted to determine the acceptability of neonatal circumcision in Hispanic expectant and new parents and to explore potential associations with lower acceptability. The ultra-Orthodox umbrella group Agudath Israel of America, known simply as the Agudah, has even gone so far as to shop for pro bono counsel to bring a lawsuit challenging the law. Susan B.

Objective. This is raising some eyebrows. Recent data shows that circumcision reduces the incidence of herpes by 25% and HPV by 35%. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has recently released a draft for the long-awaited federal guidelines on circumcision, stating among other things that the surgical procedure could help straight men within the United States to reduce the risk of contracting HIV, which is the virus that leads to AIDS. An out-of-hospital Jewish circumcision ritual has been found to cause herpes in some cases. An ultra-Orthodox Jewish circumcision practice in which the circumciser places his mouth on a newborn’s newly circumcised penis and sucks blood away from the wound carries a risk of transmitting the herpes virus to the baby, sometimes fatally, according to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.